JDC Literature Review

Results for: Colombia
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Heterogeneous Effects of Forced Migration on the Female Labor Market: The Venezuelan Exodus in Colombia

This paper examines the impact of large-scale Venezuelan migration on the female labor market in Colombia. More than 1.5 million Venezuelans migrated to Colombia in the period 2016–2019 due to the economic and social crises in Venezuela. The analysis is based on data from the Colombian household survey for the period 2013–2019. The authors exploit the variation in the concentration of Venezuelans across Colombian departments over time. They consider the non-random settlement of Venezuelans across Columbian departments by modeling (using an instrumental variables approach) the share of people living in each state of Venezuela in 2011 (before the Venezuelan exodus) and the distance between those states and the departments of Colombia.

Policy preferences in response to large forced migration inflows

This article examines public preferences for immigration policies in Colombia, and the extent to which humanitarian concerns matter for those preferences. Colombia hosts an estimated 2.5 million Venezuelan migrants, approximately 40 percent of the total number of Venezuelan migrants who were displaced between 2014 and 2023. Venezuelan migrants and Colombian natives share similar histories, as well as ethnolinguistic, social, and cultural features.

Latin American Brotherhood? Immigration and Preferences for Redistribution

This paper examines the effect of immigration on social preferences for redistribution in Latin America, including the specific effect of large-scale Venezuelan displacement to Colombia. Most immigration in Latin American countries is intra-regional (70 percent in the 2010s), with migrants coming from countries with similar cultural backgrounds, including language and religion.

Impact of COVID-19 on healthcare utilization, cases, and deaths of citizens and displaced Venezuelans in Colombia: Complementary comprehensive and safety-net systems under Colombia’s constitutional commitment

This article assesses the impact of COVID-19 on healthcare utilization and health outcomes of Venezuelan migrants in Colombia, compared to Colombian citizens. Colombia hosts an estimated 1.8 million displaced Venezuelans, mostly located in large cities such as Bogotá, Barranquilla, Cúcuta, and Medellín.