JDC Literature Review

Results for: Children and Youth in Forced Displacement
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Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2023

The 2024 Global Trends report presents the most recent official statistics on refugees, asylum-seekers, internally displaced persons (IDPs), stateless people, and returned refugees for the year 2023. The data included in the report is sourced from governments, non-governmental organizations, and UNHCR.

The Mental Health Costs of Armed Conflicts—A Review of Systematic Reviews Conducted on Refugees, Asylum-Seekers and People Living in War Zones

This paper investigates the mental health consequences of war on refugees or those living in war zones through a review of all systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses published since 2005. The author identified 22 systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses for the review, including 15 studies in adult populations and seven focused on children and adolescents.

Child poverty among refugees

This article estimates the intra-household allocation of consumption in refugee settlements and surrounding communities in Kenya and Uganda, and examines the implications for child poverty. Uganda is the largest refugee hosting country in Africa, with more than 1.5 million refugees and asylum seekers as of June 2022. Kenya is the third-largest refugee-hosting country in Africa, after Uganda and Ethiopia, with over 555,000 refugees and asylum seekers as of June 2022.

School integration of Syrian refugee children in Turkey

This paper analyzes the school integration of Syrian refugee children in Turkey. Syrian refugees began fleeing to Turkey in 2011. Turkey currently hosts 3.7 million Syrian refugees, of which 47 percent are under 18 and a third are school aged (aged 5–17).

Use of an adapted participatory learning and action cycle to increase knowledge and uptake of child vaccination in internally displaced persons camps (IVACS): A cluster-randomised controlled trial

This article presents the results of a randomized cluster trial in internally IDP camps in Somalia to estimate the effects of an adapted Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) approach on knowledge and uptake of child vaccinations. The PLA approach is based on social empowerment to address health issues, whereby teachers and students exchange ideas and experiences, and implement a cycle of learning, action, and reflection.

Evaluation of conditional cash transfers and mHealth audio messaging in reduction of risk factors for childhood malnutrition in internally displaced persons camps in Somalia: A 2 × 2 factorial cluster-randomised controlled trial

This paper presents the results of a randomized trial to estimate the effects of conditional cash transfers (CCTs) and mobile health (mHealth) audio messages in IDP camps near Mogadishu, Somalia. Specifically, the research examined whether conditionality in cash transfer programs and mHealth audio message improved health-seeking behavior and reduced risk factors for malnutrition.

Child Labour and the Arrival of Refugees: Evidence from Tanzania

Approximately one million refugees fled the genocides in Rwanda and Burundi and settled in the Kagera region of western Tanzania between 1993 and 1998. By 2004, ten years after the refugees’ arrival, about 400,000 refugees were still living in the Kagera region. This...

The global cost of inclusive refugee education

An estimated 48 percent of school-age refugee children are out of school—an estimated 77 percent of refugee children attend primary school, 31 percent of refugee youth attend secondary education, and just 3 percent are able to access tertiary opportunities (compared...