JDC Literature Review

Results for: Drivers of Displacement and Decisions to Flee
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Assessment of the environmental impacts of conflict-driven Internally Displaced Persons: A sentinel-2 satellite based analysis of land use/cover changes in the Kas locality, Darfur, Sudan

This study examines the effects of settlements of internally displaced persons (IDPs) on vegetation cover in the Kas locality of Darfur, Sudan. The Kas locality is in the South Darfur state, around 86 kilometers northwest of the state capital, Nyala. The estimated population of IDPs in the Kas locality increased from between 35,000 to 40,000 in 2004 to more than 77,000 by 2020.

Prevalence and associated factors of common mental disorders among internally displaced people by armed conflict in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique: a cross-sectional community-based study

This study estimates the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety, and associated factors among armed conflict survivors in Cabo Delgado, in northern Mozambique. Mozambique hosts nearly 32,000 refugees and asylum-seekers, and more than one million IDPs displaced by violence perpetrated by non-state armed groups.

No longer a blind spot: Climate change adaptation policies must address forced displacement

This brief article advocates for a systemic, long-term, development-oriented approach to climate-induced displacement, alongside humanitarian responses.
The authors draw on an analysis of 42 National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and 166 Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). NAPs are submitted by developing states to Conferences of the Parties (COP) and detail their medium- and long-term adaptation priorities and strategies. NDCs are climate action plans to cut emissions and adapt to climate impacts.

Local Responses to Climate Change and Disaster-Related Migration in Solomon Islands

Communities in Solomon Islands are acutely vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Eighty percent of the population live in coastal areas vulnerable to sea level rise, coastal erosion, saltwater intrusion, and severe weather events such as drought, tropical cyclones, and flooding. Most services, infrastructure, and agricultural production are also concentrated in these vulnerable coastal areas. Climate-related displacement due to natural disasters is already occurring, including relocation of whole communities from low-lying atolls to urban areas, as well as some rural-to-rural migration.

Effect of border policy on exposure and vulnerability to climate change

This paper analyzes the effect of border policies on exposure and vulnerability to climate change impacts, for migrants and origin and host communities.
The authors quantify the effects of border policies on population distribution, income, exposure and vulnerability, CO2 emissions, and overall temperature increase. They do this by incorporating international migration and remittances into Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) that are widely used to estimate the economic damage caused by greenhouse gas emissions.

Climate refugees or labour migrants? Climate reductive translations of women’s migration from coastal Bangladesh

This article examines the multifaceted socio-economic and environmental causes of migration from coastal regions in Bangladesh.
The analysis is based on qualitative research undertaken by the author in multiple sites in southwest coastal Bangladesh between August 2014 and July 2015. The research included in-depth interviews with development professionals in Dhaka and Khulna cities, observation of village life in the two unions of Nodi, and a qualitative survey of around 400 households in Nodi.