JDC Literature Review

Results for: Poverty and Well-Being
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Climate Change, Inequality, and Human Migration

This paper examines the long-term implications of climate change for migration and inequality. The authors investigate: (i) the scale of climate migration; (ii) the characteristics of climate migrants including their age and educational attainment; (iii) their origins and destinations, including local displacements, migration within their country of origin, or international migration; and (iv) the socio-economic implications of climate migration.

Synthesis Report of the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (AR6)

The Synthesis Report of the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) summarizes the state of knowledge of climate change, its impacts and risks, and climate change mitigation and adaptation, based on peer-reviewed scientific, technical, and socio-economic literature published since the release of the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) in 2014.

Child poverty among refugees

This article estimates the intra-household allocation of consumption in refugee settlements and surrounding communities in Kenya and Uganda, and examines the implications for child poverty. Uganda is the largest refugee hosting country in Africa, with more than 1.5 million refugees and asylum seekers as of June 2022. Kenya is the third-largest refugee-hosting country in Africa, after Uganda and Ethiopia, with over 555,000 refugees and asylum seekers as of June 2022.

How do policy approaches affect refugee economic outcomes? Insights from studies of Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon

This paper examines how different policy environments in Jordan and Lebanon have shaped economic outcomes for Syrian refugees, with a focus on education, work, social assistance, and welfare outcomes. In Jordan, the population census identified 1.3 million Syrians living in the country, of whom around 650,000 are recorded as registered refugees by UNHCR. In Lebanon, the government estimates that Syrian refugees numbered 1.5 million in 2021, while UNHCR Lebanon reports 850,000 registered Syrian refugees.

Older Refugees and Internally Displaced People in African Countries: Findings from a Scoping Review of Literature

This paper summarizes the peer-reviewed published research on older refugees and IDPs in Africa. The authors synthesize the main findings from this literature and compare it to the knowledge base in other regions. According to UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), people aged 60 years and older make up 4 percent of refugees and asylum-seekers and 6 percent of IDPs worldwide. According to UNHCR data, more than 400,000 displaced persons in Africa were aged 60 years and older in 2019.

Evaluation of conditional cash transfers and mHealth audio messaging in reduction of risk factors for childhood malnutrition in internally displaced persons camps in Somalia: A 2 × 2 factorial cluster-randomised controlled trial

This paper presents the results of a randomized trial to estimate the effects of conditional cash transfers (CCTs) and mobile health (mHealth) audio messages in IDP camps near Mogadishu, Somalia. Specifically, the research examined whether conditionality in cash transfer programs and mHealth audio message improved health-seeking behavior and reduced risk factors for malnutrition.