JDC Literature Review

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Refugees’ and irregular migrants’ self-selection into Europe

This paper assesses the self-selection—in terms of education and predicted income—of refugees and irregular migrants from African and Asian countries who arrived in Europe in 2015 or 2016. The authors theorize that the decision to migrate is a function of an...

Revisiting forced migration: A machine learning perspective

Using machine learning techniques, this paper investigates the factors that influence refugee flows and asylum applications from African countries. The author argues that, compared to traditional estimation methods, machine learning techniques are better suited to...

The world’s most neglected displacement crises in 2020

This report identifies the world’s most neglected displacement crises in 2020, according to the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC). NRC considered 40 displacement crises resulting in more than 200,000 displaced people, and ranked them according to the following three...

The global cost of inclusive refugee education

An estimated 48 percent of school-age refugee children are out of school—an estimated 77 percent of refugee children attend primary school, 31 percent of refugee youth attend secondary education, and just 3 percent are able to access tertiary opportunities (compared...

A gravity analysis of refugee mobility using mobile phone data

This paper examines patterns of refugee mobility across provinces in Turkey using mobile phone data. Based on measures of mobility calculated from phone data, the authors use a standard gravity model to estimate the determinants of refugee movements. Gravity models...

A spatial model of internal displacement and forced migration

The authors develop a spatial model of internal and external forced migration due to conflict. Conflict is modeled as a shock in a particular location that causes the displacement of people—some of whom become refugees and others who become Internally Displaced...

The globalization of refugee flows

This article analyzes the spatial distribution of refugees over the period 1987-2017, in order to ascertain whether the burden of hosting refugees falls disproportionately on neighboring countries in the developing world. The empirical analysis is based on data on...

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