JDC Literature Review

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Dynamic Effects of Co-Ethnic Networks on Immigrants’ Economic Success

This paper estimates the causal effect of co-ethnic networks on the economic success of immigrants in Germany. The analysis draws on longitudinal data of immigrants in Germany from the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample, a yearly survey of immigrants in Germany beginning in 2013, for individuals who are linked to IEB (Integrierten Erwerbsbiografien), the German social security archive that includes information on immigrants’ labor market history after arrival in Germany.

Do applications respond to changes in asylum policies in European countries?

This paper analyzes whether the distribution of asylum applications across European countries responds to policy changes.
The authors model the uncertainties faced by asylum seekers including: (a) the probability of obtaining refugee protection; (2) the expected time required to process an asylum application; and (3) the risk of repatriation for asylum seekers whose applications are rejected. The analysis is based on EUROSTAT data on asylum applications to European countries between 2009 and 2017.

Refugees, trade, and FDI

This article discusses trade and investment links forged by refugees between their countries of resettlement and countries of origin, drawing on findings from the literature on migrants and refugees.

Refugee-Host Proximity and Market Creation in Uganda

This paper analyses how proximity to refugees affects the welfare and economic activity of host communities in Uganda. Uganda hosts more than 1.4 million refugees, living across 31 settlements in 13 districts. Despite their freedom of movement, most refugees remain in official settlements to access assistance from national and international agencies.

Heterogeneous Effects of Forced Migration on the Female Labor Market: The Venezuelan Exodus in Colombia

This paper examines the impact of large-scale Venezuelan migration on the female labor market in Colombia. More than 1.5 million Venezuelans migrated to Colombia in the period 2016–2019 due to the economic and social crises in Venezuela. The analysis is based on data from the Colombian household survey for the period 2013–2019. The authors exploit the variation in the concentration of Venezuelans across Colombian departments over time. They consider the non-random settlement of Venezuelans across Columbian departments by modeling (using an instrumental variables approach) the share of people living in each state of Venezuela in 2011 (before the Venezuelan exodus) and the distance between those states and the departments of Colombia.

Experiences of armed conflicts and forced migration among women from countries in the Middle East, Balkans, and Africa: a systematic review of qualitative studies

This paper provides a systematic review of literature on women’s experiences of armed conflicts and forced migration, focusing on women in or from countries in the Middle East, Balkans, or Africa. The literature indicates that refugee women’s exposure to conflict, violence and displacement leads to significant health and mental health consequences.

Nowcasting Daily Population Displacement in Ukraine through Social Media Advertising Data

The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 triggered the rapid displacement of millions of refugees into neighboring countries and the displacement of millions of Ukrainians within the country. In conflict and crisis situations such as this one, representative survey data quickly become outdated, primary data collection is challenging if not impossible, and the dynamic nature of population changes requires high-frequency measurement not suited to traditional data gathering techniques.