JDC Literature Review

Results for: Legal and Policy Framework
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No longer a blind spot: Climate change adaptation policies must address forced displacement

This brief article advocates for a systemic, long-term, development-oriented approach to climate-induced displacement, alongside humanitarian responses.
The authors draw on an analysis of 42 National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and 166 Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). NAPs are submitted by developing states to Conferences of the Parties (COP) and detail their medium- and long-term adaptation priorities and strategies. NDCs are climate action plans to cut emissions and adapt to climate impacts.

Effect of border policy on exposure and vulnerability to climate change

This paper analyzes the effect of border policies on exposure and vulnerability to climate change impacts, for migrants and origin and host communities.
The authors quantify the effects of border policies on population distribution, income, exposure and vulnerability, CO2 emissions, and overall temperature increase. They do this by incorporating international migration and remittances into Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) that are widely used to estimate the economic damage caused by greenhouse gas emissions.

Do applications respond to changes in asylum policies in European countries?

This paper analyzes whether the distribution of asylum applications across European countries responds to policy changes.
The authors model the uncertainties faced by asylum seekers including: (a) the probability of obtaining refugee protection; (2) the expected time required to process an asylum application; and (3) the risk of repatriation for asylum seekers whose applications are rejected. The analysis is based on EUROSTAT data on asylum applications to European countries between 2009 and 2017.

How do policy approaches affect refugee economic outcomes? Insights from studies of Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon

This paper examines how different policy environments in Jordan and Lebanon have shaped economic outcomes for Syrian refugees, with a focus on education, work, social assistance, and welfare outcomes. In Jordan, the population census identified 1.3 million Syrians living in the country, of whom around 650,000 are recorded as registered refugees by UNHCR. In Lebanon, the government estimates that Syrian refugees numbered 1.5 million in 2021, while UNHCR Lebanon reports 850,000 registered Syrian refugees.

Forced migration: evidence and policy challenges

This article presents a summary of Volume 38, Issue 3 of the Oxford Review of Economic Policy, which focuses on forced migration. The issue explores: (1) what are the mechanisms by which refugees should be managed, and what frameworks should be used for supporting them? (2) how can policy support the integration of refugees into host economies and what are the likely consequences of this integration? (3) how are host communities likely to respond to the influx of refugees, and how can policy help to smooth this transition? And (4) what role can policy play to encourage resilience among refugees and IDPs and support their return?

Do rights violations deter refugees?

This paper examines the effect of asylum policies on the number of asylum applications and refugee arrivals. Specifically, the author tests the “deterrence hypothesis” that enacting punitive measures reduces the number of asylum applications and refugee arrivals.

Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2019

The report presents data compiled by UNHCR on forced displacement in 2019 due to persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations or events seriously disturbing public order. This year’s report includes analysis of displacement trends over the past decade. Key...

Establishing Legal Identity for Displaced Syrians

Protracted conflict in Syria, the destruction or closure of civil registries, and complicated processes for issuing documents to refugees in host countries, have had a serious detrimental effect on many Syrians’ ability to prove their legal identity. In Syria, the...