JDC Literature Review

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A post-traumatic stress disorder among internally displaced people in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

This article reviews the evidence on the prevalence and determinants of post-traumatic stress disorders among internally displaced people in sub-Saharan Africa. The review covers studies in English published up to June 2023 that estimate the prevalence of PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) in sub-Saharan Africa. The authors identified 11 studies that meet the inclusion criteria. The studies covered over 11,000 participants from 14 sub-Saharan African countries including Nigeria (4 studies), Ethiopia (3 studies), Sudan (3 studies), Somalia, the Central African Republic, Uganda, and Kenya.

25 years of progress on internal displacement 1998-2023

This report highlights examples of laws and policies introduced to address internal displacement and initiatives to prevent internal displacement, protect and support IDPs, and improve data on internal displacement. The report also presents IDMC’s Internal Displacement Index, a composite index to measure the coverage of laws and policies, and the institutional capacity to address internal displacement in 46 countries.

Unknown risk: assessing refugee camp flood risk in Ethiopia

This article explores different approaches for using global data to assess refugee flood risk in refugee camps in Ethiopia. Ethiopia hosts over 870 000 refugees from Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, and Somalia, most of whom (90 percent) live in refugee camps. Refugee camps in Ethiopia have a history of flooding, and flood rick is expected to increase with climate change.

Refugee inflows, surplus farm labor, and crop marketization in rural Africa

This article investigates the long-term effects of refugee inflows on host farmers in Tanzania, focusing on effects in labor and crop markets. The Kagera region in the northwest of Tanzania received large-scale inflows of refugee from Burundi and Rwanda in the early 1990s. The Kagera region is remote and impoverished, and most local households engage in subsistence agriculture.

The Unseen—An Investigative Analysis of Thematic and Spatial Coverage of News on the Ongoing Refugee Crisis in West Africa

This paper examines the thematic and spatial coverage of media on the refugee crisis in West Africa, and the factors that influence media coverage. The analysis is based on data from: (1) Global Data on Events, Location, and Tone (GDELT) dataset containing news articles categorized by theme, including “refugee”, and containing information about the location and date of the article; and (2) geographical data on the location of refugees from UNHCR’s Geographic Information System. More than 2,000 articles on West African countries published between March 12 and September 15 September 2021 were included in the analysis.